Lester M. Salamon, Project Director

Dr. Lester M. Salamon is a Professor at the Johns Hopkins University and Director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies. In addition, Dr. Salamon holds an appointment as Senior Research Professor at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) Bologna Center and serves as Scientific Director of the International Laboratory for Nonprofit Sector Studies at Moscow’s National Research University Higher School of Economics. He previously served as Director of both the Johns Hopkins Institute for Policy Studies and the Center for Governance and Management Research at the Urban Institute in Washington, D.C. and as Deputy Associate Director of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget in the Executive Office of the President.

Dr. Salamon pioneered the empirical study of the nonprofit sector in the United States and has extended this work to other parts of the world. Author of more than twenty books, his America’s Nonprofit Sector: A Primer, Third Edition, (Foundation Center, 2012) is the standard text used in college-level courses on the nonprofit sector in the United States. His Partners in Public Service: Government and the Nonprofit Sector in the Modern Welfare State (Johns Hopkins University Press) won the 1996 ARNOVA Award for Distinguished Book in Nonprofit and Voluntary Action Research, and in 2012 was awarded the Aaron Wildavsky Enduring Contribution Award from the American Political Science Association. Global Civil Society: Dimensions of the Nonprofit Sector, produced in collaboration with an international team of colleagues, won the Virginia Hodgkinson Award for best publication in the nonprofit field in 2001. His most recent book, Explaining Ciil Society Development: A Social Origins Approach (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017), addresses the important analytical question of what accounts for the enormous and puzzling cross-national variations in the size and contours of the civil society sector around the world? Published by Oxford University Press in the June 2014, are two volumes that explore emerging forms of philanthropy—Leverage for Good: An Introduction to the New Frontiers of Philanthropy and Social Investment, and New Frontiers of Philanthropy: A Guide to the New Tools and Actors Reshaping Global Philanthropy and Social Investing. Also published in 2014, Philanthropication thru Privatization: Building Permanent Endowments for the Common Good (il Mulino Press) investigates a way to capture all or a portion of the enormous privatization transactions under way around the world for autonomous charitable endowments serving the social and economic needs of citizens.

In addition, Dr. Salamon’s key publications include: The Resilient Sector Revisited: The New Challenge Facing Nonprofit America, Volume 2 (Brookings Press, 2015); The State of Nonprofit America, Volume 2 (Brookings Press, 2012); Rethinking Corporate Social Engagement: Lessons from Latin America (Kumarian Press, 2010); and The Tools of Government: A Guide to the New Governance (Oxford University Press, 2002).

Dr. Salamon received his B.A. degree in Economics and Policy Studies from Princeton University and his Ph.D. in Government from Harvard University. He is Chairman Emeritus and Member of the Board of the Community Foundation of the Chesapeake and serves on the editorial boards of several journals, including the Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, Voluntas, and Transaction.